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In the swamp, 1859

October 19, 2012

Trutch’s Survey of Country Land

Hugo Osvald was not the first to take notes of the area of the bog on the uplands above Brownsville.  The  survey undertaken by JW Trutch  in 1859 describes the area as “swamp.”  The presence of a lake  or what is noted by Osvald as a “raised bog” does not show up in the notes of Trutch’s surveyors.  This may be because the bog lay slightly off the line of survey. Township surveyors typically did not explore between their lines of survey, which in terms of topographical detail resemble lateral  “borings” similar to those drilled explorations of the bog by Osvald.   The extent of “swamp”  as shown on this map is very wide and may have been extrapolated from findings along the survey lines. 

Coming north through “swamp”  along the line of  the road  later called Pacific Highway/King George Boulevard,  Trutch’s surveyors came to what is the main crossroads these days at 104 Avenue, set a post and took sightings of trees:   a spruce 24 inches in diameter, a spruce 6 inches in diameter, a spruce 4 inches diameter and a cedar 24 inches diameter.


“Land level soil 2nd rate. Timber fir, cedar, spruce, hemlock, &c. Undergrowth young hemlock, vine maple, willow &c &c.”


Trutch - Survey - 1859

Area of  swamp on the 1859 Trutch survey map. The cranberry bog at the base of the hill near to the river is also described as “swampy.” The “marshy ground” at 132 Street and 104 Avenue appears to be the source of the Barker/Bolivar Creek.

An overview of the Trutch survey, which included sections near the international boundary and others near the Fraser River,  was included in the first post on this blog, and included this map —

surveys & roads to 1860

Surveys & Roads to 1860 with overview of Trutch’s Survey of Country Land at Brownsville & Hall’s Prairie

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